Instead of focusing on the government shutdown versus the southern border wall, let us focus on keeping America great by looking at technologies that call for a different kind of wall – firewall.
All US carriers (AT&T, T-Mobile, Verizon, Sprint, etc.) plan to introduce 5G using at least 18 phone models on platforms like the Snapdragon 855. Undoubtedly, as other countries like China will roll out their 5G networks, USA competitiveness will be challenged. Let us make platforms like 802.11ax work and continue to lead the drafting of standards for convergence such as 5G, WiFi, and other technologies.
By way of background, all wireless connections around the world work in various channels within radio frequency bands, typically 10-180 megahertz channels within 0.8-6.0 Gigahertz radio frequency bands. To be explicitly clear, these channels are like the currents through an electric circuit. This is different than encryptions that are like languages (a person sending English can only be understood if the recipient knows English). With this in mind, older cell phones work between 0.8-1.9 Ghtz, WLAN 4.9-5.0 Ghtz, Cars/Homes between 5.85-5.925 Ghtz, while 5G phones use 3.5 Ghtz for MIMO and 28 Ghtz for mmWave. Ultra Wide Band (UWB) sometimes use 10.6 Ghtz in the USA and 24 Ghtz in China. Here, we will not address the health impacts of these various radio frequency waves.
2019 is a new beginning, partly because we must replace our existing phones to access 5G networks. In the next decade, we will see billions of new phones around the world. We can have the best and most secure cloud, integrated to homes and cars, if we integrate US technologies such as 1) ultra-wide band pulses and block chains to ameliorate security and privacy concerns, and 2) GPS and GIS technologies to stay ahead of Big Dipper, Galileo, and Glonass. Here is what we can see today:
1. 5G roll out has started already. The leading edge users will pay a premium for phones that can process data 5-100 times faster than our current 4G phones. Laptops will become less useful as we integrate these phones to the office while Software as a Service (SaaS) will accelerate the integration of 5G phones towards a subscription based economy. The biggest growth will be implementation of cloud based applications which will impact sales of desktop software. Already, Microsoft is selling Office 365, and we can no longer buy disks to install onto our computers.
2. With the much faster data processing speed, more SaaS will generate lots of data that must be secured. Strategic games can already be played on giant TV screens without desktop computers, and phones will make them mobile. The biggest obstacles that impede this growth have been security and privacy issues. There are at least two concepts that ameliorate these concerns:
a. Block-chains – Even though 99% of block-chains today will not emerge beyond a proof of concept, the server farm network will mature to support the development of standards that are similar to IP for the internet which, with some twists and turns, will define the tipping point for data security/privacy. The problem with block-chains today is lack of standards. Bitcoins represent one specific application of block chains. This is similar to the 1998-1999 internet companies that failed. Without standards, bitcoins will fail.
b. Ultra-Wide Band – UWB uses time-modulated pulses that are impossible to hack. While this technology is limited to shorter ranges, the precision and ability for the penetrating signals make this technology attractive for intelligent homes, especially when integrated into cars as we drive between work and home. An early application of UWB was to detect people (including firefighters) inside burning homes. While WiFi can turn on appliances, UWB can identify anyone (including strangers) before you enter your home.
3. After the equivalent of IP for the internet will be standardized for block-chains and UWB applications, accuracy and precision will become the next priorities. Today, we rely on GPS and GIS to specify our locations. Without additional investments to improve, GPS may not be sufficiently precise to execute future applications. Today, there is a beta app using Big Dipper that can tell the user the weather within a 50 meter radius of each user. Another limitation was revealed when GPS could not locate the Malaysian Airlines aircraft that disappeared over South Pacific Ocean.
Instead of a southern border wall, let’s build a firewall to protect our data and technologies.
Happy New Year, everyone!