5G, Blockchain, Current Events, Opportunity

Moral Innovators’ perspectives on building a wall

Instead of focusing on the government shutdown versus the southern border wall, let us focus on keeping America great by looking at technologies that call for a different kind of wall – firewall.

All US carriers (AT&T, T-Mobile, Verizon, Sprint, etc.) plan to introduce 5G using at least 18 phone models on platforms like the Snapdragon 855. Undoubtedly, as other countries like China will roll out their 5G networks, USA competitiveness will be challenged. Let us make platforms like 802.11ax work and continue to lead the drafting of standards for convergence such as 5G, WiFi, and other technologies.

By way of background, all wireless connections around the world work in various channels within radio frequency bands, typically 10-180 megahertz channels within 0.8-6.0 Gigahertz radio frequency bands. To be explicitly clear, these channels are like the currents through an electric circuit. This is different than encryptions that are like languages (a person sending English can only be understood if the recipient knows English). With this in mind, older cell phones work between 0.8-1.9 Ghtz, WLAN 4.9-5.0 Ghtz, Cars/Homes between 5.85-5.925 Ghtz, while 5G phones use 3.5 Ghtz for MIMO and 28 Ghtz for mmWave. Ultra Wide Band (UWB) sometimes use 10.6 Ghtz in the USA and 24 Ghtz in China. Here, we will not address the health impacts of these various radio frequency waves.

2019 is a new beginning, partly because we must replace our existing phones to access 5G networks. In the next decade, we will see billions of new phones around the world. We can have the best and most secure cloud, integrated to homes and cars, if we integrate US technologies such as 1) ultra-wide band pulses and block chains to ameliorate security and privacy concerns, and 2) GPS and GIS technologies to stay ahead of Big Dipper, Galileo, and Glonass. Here is what we can see today:

1. 5G roll out has started already. The leading edge users will pay a premium for phones that can process data 5-100 times faster than our current 4G phones. Laptops will become less useful as we integrate these phones to the office while Software as a Service (SaaS) will accelerate the integration of 5G phones towards a subscription based economy. The biggest growth will be implementation of cloud based applications which will impact sales of desktop software. Already, Microsoft is selling Office 365, and we can no longer buy disks to install onto our computers.

2. With the much faster data processing speed, more SaaS will generate lots of data that must be secured. Strategic games can already be played on giant TV screens without desktop computers, and phones will make them mobile. The biggest obstacles that impede this growth have been security and privacy issues. There are at least two concepts that ameliorate these concerns:
a. Block-chains – Even though 99% of block-chains today will not emerge beyond a proof of concept, the server farm network will mature to support the development of standards that are similar to IP for the internet which, with some twists and turns, will define the tipping point for data security/privacy. The problem with block-chains today is lack of standards. Bitcoins represent one specific application of block chains. This is similar to the 1998-1999 internet companies that failed. Without standards, bitcoins will fail.
b. Ultra-Wide Band – UWB uses time-modulated pulses that are impossible to hack. While this technology is limited to shorter ranges, the precision and ability for the penetrating signals make this technology attractive for intelligent homes, especially when integrated into cars as we drive between work and home. An early application of UWB was to detect people (including firefighters) inside burning homes. While WiFi can turn on appliances, UWB can identify anyone (including strangers) before you enter your home.

3. After the equivalent of IP for the internet will be standardized for block-chains and UWB applications, accuracy and precision will become the next priorities. Today, we rely on GPS and GIS to specify our locations. Without additional investments to improve, GPS may not be sufficiently precise to execute future applications. Today, there is a beta app using Big Dipper that can tell the user the weather within a 50 meter radius of each user. Another limitation was revealed when GPS could not locate the Malaysian Airlines aircraft that disappeared over South Pacific Ocean.

Instead of a southern border wall, let’s build a firewall to protect our data and technologies.

Happy New Year, everyone!

Blockchain, Innovators World, Opportunity, Overview, Uncategorized

Moral Innovator Perspectives on Blockchains

Blockchains represent the computer hardware and software behind the bitcoins application. It is one of the hottest topics in the technology world today. Knowing we may step into stereotypes, it is instructive to observe blockchains from a moral innovation perspective to observe how humanity is changing.

To define a blockchain in its most basic form, it is the ability to communicate (from sender to receiver) information that can be valued by the sender and the receiver which define an application (such as bitcoin as a currency). The communications process itself uses the cloud to connect multiple servers with data that can be interpreted from one server to the next using encryption. The combination of not knowing how many servers in what configuration in this process, along with the encryption technology among each pair of servers make this “blockchain” impossible to hack with what we know today.

In a school, the most sensitive information include the student health records (i.e. HIPAA compliance) and transcripts. A blockchain application in a school could be the school issuing “coins” to students to carry their transcript wherever they go, without having to request a transcript from the school, as long as the recipient of the transcript (e.g. a college) accepts the transcript protected by the blockchain.

Even though customized blockchains can work now, it can be very expensive – too expensive for applications like transcripts. To achieve economy of scale, blockchain applications require an infrastructure with standardized protocols and/or very large transactions like movements of currencies. It is similar but not exactly comparable to the Internet released by DARPA in the 20th century, waiting for HTML(language) and IP (communication protocol) to emerge.

From a Moral Innovator perspective, the values of over 90% of humanity come from Christians, Muslims, Indians and Chinese. Christians and Muslims follow monotheistic values where Christians drive innovations. Indians and Chinese follow community based moral values where Chinese drive trade. (Humans cannot live off morality alone because morality does not feed us.) Less than 10% of humanity lives outside these four communities, the largest of whom are the Japanese. As outliers, Japanese have demonstrated that they can sacrifice their culture such as shogunate in order to emulate the Christian innovations to the extreme. It was the Japanese that delivered the greatest intensity of massacre during the second world war – more intense than the holocaust – when over 300,000 mostly women and children were killed over a 50 day period in 1937. About 100,000 additional Chinese were victims of chemical warfare experiments, the most notorious the unit 731 battalion based in Harbin, China. What makes this worse is the fact that war criminals are still celebrated in the Yasukuni Shrine in Japan today.

Even though blockchains started in the 1990s, it was the Japanese that introduced the bitcoin application in 2008. Large companies like IBM and Google seek the very large transactions (such as payment for the millions of barrels of oil transacted everyday) or the elusive “Big Data.” Without any infrastructure, Christians especially associated with Silicon Valley propelled progress of this innovation after 2008. As a potential instrument of trade to support their One Belt One Road initiative, China is working very hard to suppress the volume of activities through Initial Coin Offerings (ICO) because the infrastructure simply does not exist. Germany is just now beginning to see ICOs and travelling to Silicon Valley to explore how blockchains can correlate to product qualify from standardized processes where the Germans excel. ICO valuation, as described by a Venture Capitalist, is “way out there.”

Without confidence on our innate morality, and without knowledge of a visible path to scalability, Moral Innovators need to focus on the value of the applications that come close to being accepted by coin buyers and sellers. As of April 2018, no compelling visible path exists for any ICO.