diversity, Innovators World, Overview, Uncategorized

Moral Innovators perspectives on Making America Great Again

At 228 years old, United States of America has the longest sustained Constitution in the world today. There have been ups and downs to USA’s growth, but generally one growth path from the 1770s to the 1950s, and decline after the 1950s through today. How can we reverse the trend to be great again?

Let us look at history before we project forward.

Our Founding Fathers started as highly motivated immigrants in search of better lives. They overcame British oppression through the 1773 Boston Tea Party. After the Constitution was ratified, the very innovative Americans imposed the 1823 Discovery Doctrine on Native Americans to take land ownership and leveraged slavery in the production of cotton and coolies in construction of the transcontinental railway through most of the 19th century. These actions of low morality transitioned during the Gilded Age that provided concentrated wealth to Rockefellers, Carnegies and Morgans who often turned into philanthropists partly because the estate tax rate was as high as 77%. In the 20th century, Henry Ford helped create the middle-class by giving high wages to workers to buy homes and cars. The USA expansion continued through the unofficial entry into the second world war with the Lend Lease program in 1941 until Pearl Harbor, and sustained growth after the second world war with the Marshall Plan. With about 5% of global population, USA commanded 35% of global GNP at its apex in the 1950s.

Lack of experience in a globalized world has stymied our growth. Arrogance marked the beginning of the downturn when President Eisenhower was convinced by Winston Churchill to implement Project Ajax, a 1953 coup that imposed the Shah onto the Iranians, against their will. We fooled ourselves in the Vietnam War when General Westmoreland publicly stated “Vietnamese do not value their lives” in the documentary movie “Hearts and Minds.” These mistakes correlated to the decline of our share of global GNP to 16% today, despite innovations like internet, Google, Microsoft, Amazon, Walmart, etc.

Looking domestically, an estimated 64% of Americans have never left US borders. Our K-12 education never taught us about discovery doctrine nor project ajax. Hidden behind the aura of religions like Christianity are values of superiority. The original sermons delivered by Jesus focused on loving thy neighbor. As a messenger of God, Mohammad created an egalitarian religion 1400 years ago, before the Chinese Mongolians defeated Muslims in Damascus and Aleppo 800 years old that changed Islam into the current form of women oppression under the name of Islamic fundamentalism .

We are changing the ways we approach education and redress past inequities with programs like Affirmation Action. Textbooks are acknowledging the annihilation of Native Americans. However, these changes did not happen uniformly across the USA. A large swath of Americans not living in east or west coasts of the USA still have not changed their values partly because changes to their education have not happened fast enough. They associate the American decline to Affirmative Action and new immigrants. Among early evidence of their strength was the high rating of the TV show “Dukes of Hazzard” in the 1980s. Donald Trump found a way through bullying and intimidation to reach the US Presidency without winning the popular vote, in violation of the definition of democracy. It is not surprising that Americans who believe in white supremacy feel their representative is in the White House.

What about the path forward?

There is no magic dust that can make change happen overnight. Please remove our emotions and develop a sustainable path forward. There will be ups and downs, but the path to growth requires a balance of innovations with integrity. There are two key dimensions:

1. Let innovation thrive. This includes the continuation of Silicon Valley practices to find the best talent anywhere on earth. For example, we may lead the world in Global Positioning System (GPS) with 5 meter accuracy today. China’s Big Dipper will have more satellites with encrypted accuracy of 0.1 meter. If left alone, Big Dipper will become the global standard this century.

2. Encourage global education throughout the USA by including topics like the Discovery Doctrine and Project Ajax. Broaden the horizon of the 64% of Americans who have never left the US border. This disparity of knowledge is a factor in our divided USA. We need to past the tipping point as defined by Malcolm Gladwell to embrace our globalized world.

The only constant in life is change. We must embrace change and do the right things together!

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Innovators World

Donald Trump and the changing composition of humanity

Within his first year of Presidency, Donald Trump already has a legacy. Under his watch, USA lost its position as a global leader. His strengths highlight the Christian focus on innovations with very little regard for morality. His weaknesses accelerate the US decline in global standing. We now have a visible turning point of USA’s decline which lowers the standing of Christianity among humanity of Christians, Muslims, Indians and Chinese.

Donald Trump is a product of the US society, trained to focus on his self-interests, not public goods. He is doing what he was taught to do. He sought a more prestigious education as a third-year transfer student from Fordham University in New York City to Wharton class of 1968 which had 366 students. Donald Trump did not graduate in the top 15% of his class (he was not among the 56 students on the Dean’s List). As a realtor, the government may be just a tool to get the public behind his properties.

In business school, we were taught to find a niche to deliver returns on investments, often taking the path of least resistance. Large businesses lobby the government for favorable legislation. As early as 1823, a highly innovative but amoral Supreme Court decision from the First Chief Justice John Marshall changed land ownership of the entire USA to European Christians. This “Discovery Doctrine” declared all Native Americans were tenants of Christian landlords. We can still see the consequence of this decision by looking at the electoral map today: Republicans control the land in between the coasts while Democrats control major cities in the east and west coasts. If we elect the President based on land ownership, Republicans would dominate national elections.

Election polling did not capture the difference between popular vote and electoral college. Facing defeat, Donald Trump openly called for the Russians to hack into and leak the Hilary Clinton emails. There is increasing evidence that his team, especially Mike Flynn who is a Democrat, colluded with Russians and did just that. In turn, we have heard the strongest Donald Trump support behind Flynn who is not part of his family. Time will give us the needed truth behind what happened in the 2016 election. To paraphrase a Christian motto: May the Truth Set us Free.

Instead of focusing on his tweets, let us defend our values by enforcing our conflicts of interest rules and regulations. Don’t let our government remove the estate tax. Wealth gap will widen if we allow the wealthy to legally keep their assets across generations. We relied on IRS regulations to capture Al Capone, and forced illegally obtained wealth to revert back to the government. Don’t let Donald Trump use the POTUS position to accumulate his wealth. He has already obtained six more trademarks in June 2017, with a cumulative total of at least 123 registered and provisionally approved trademarks in China alone. Sanctions against his empire will be more effective than being distracted by his tweets.

60% of all humans born in the last 200 years have followed either the Christian or the Muslim faith. With the decline of the USA driven by Donald Trump, that percentage may dip below 50% in the next 200 years. It is sad to experience the decline of USA accelerated by Donald Trump.

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Innovators World, Overview

Moral Innovator perspectives on Christianity #2

This is the second of three essays on Christianity that cover the three Christian breakthroughs from a Moral Innovator perspective:
1. The formation that started 2,000 years ago
2. The split between Orthodox and Catholics 1,000 years ago
3. The split between Catholics and Protestants 500 years ago

In Christianity #1 dated September 11th, 2016, the focus was on formation of Christianity 2,000 years ago. Pre-Christian communities like Essenes and Therapeutae focused on the soul or spirit. Several centuries after the death of Jesus, the writers of the Bible’s New Testament wanted believers to yield their souls to the consubstantial Jesus Christ, leaving all Christian believers only with their personalities. By adopting the Greek philosophers’ “Logos” (instead of Ethos or Pathos) approach to present compelling arguments for the soul and spirit, pre-Christian communities like Essenes and Therapeutae (and later Gnostics) had to become heretics. This story has not ended, as we may be able to find out more through the Dead Sea Scrolls which have been attributed to writings mostly of the Essenes.

In Christianity #2, we focus on the split between Orthodox and Catholics which was formalized in the year 1054, about 1,000 years ago. Why was there a divergence within Christianity?
The answer lies in the adoption of Logos which use arguments to justify a new concept (such as a religion) based on logic, not credibility (Ethos) or emotions (Pathos). The Roman Empire played a critical role in Europe that helped Christianity grow without consensus. Catholicism was declared the official religion of the Roman Empire in 380ce. This action obfuscated the concept of “Separation of Church and State” that is a fundamental concept in the USA today. The Roman Emperor Constantine (272-337ce) reigned between 306-337ce. In February 313ce, he declared in the Edict of Milan that Christians could follow Christianity without oppression. In 325ce, he summoned the first ecumenical church in Nicaea where the trinity (or consubstantial Jesus) was established. Anything that disagreed such as Arianism and Nestorianism (which led Christianity into Asia and is the Church of the East today) were rejected and later declared heretical, just like the Essenes.

The Orthodox Church did not adopt the Latin (Roman) influence in various practices, an example of which is the use of leavened (i.e. bread made with yeast) or unleavened (i.e. tortilla or Indian Naan) bread during the Catholic Eucharist (or Protestant Communion). In 1053, the Latin (i.e. Roman) Catholics forced the closure of all orthodox churches in southern Italy. By 1054, all Latin churches in Constantinople were closed by the leader of The Orthodox Church, or Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Michael I. Cerularius (1000-1059ce).

It should not be a surprise that when Pope Leo IX (1002-1054ce) sent a team (or legates) to Constantinople in 1054 to claim supremacy over all Christians, including Orthodox, the leader of The Orthodox Church rejected the claim. Pope Leo IX then excommunicated the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople who, in turn, excommunicated the legates who carried the excommunication message.

What were the underlying moral values behind this Great Schism? Probably not a matter of whether leavened or unleavened bread should be used during a ritual that is considered a sacrament in most churches (started by Jesus Christ during his Last Supper). After all, the differences between the King James Bible interpretation of the New Testament (e.g. more lenient views on adultery) seems more significant than what type of bread should be used in a sacrament.

The moral values that drove the 1054 schism reflect a splintered religion based on more fundamental issues such as whether Jesus is God, and whether the trinity can have all the soul and spirit of all humans (not just the Christian followers). From a Moral Innovator perspective, both Orthodox and Catholic Christians agree that Jesus preached a moral message. Jesus did not explicitly proclaim he himself was God. Backed by the Roman Empire, Roman Catholics used Logos to present Jesus as part of the trinity. We know that Western Roman Empire collapsed in 476ce, but Eastern Roman Empire continued through 1453 in the form of the Byzantine Empire, through this 1054 schism. We can decide for ourselves whether Jesus is part of the trinity listening to Logos, Ethos, or Pathos approaches, or we can invent another approach that humans can accept over time.

Today, we know that The Orthodox Church has 200-300 million followers, most of them in Russia and Eastern Europe. Like Protestants, Orthodox has no central leader like the Pope in Catholicism. We also cannot ignore the influence of 20th century Communism on Orthodoxy when Stalin industrialized (with the associated Gulag atrocity) Russia, followed by oil and gas money especially after 1973.

An effective way to address the differences between Orthodox and Catholics is to return to the original message Jesus himself preached during his three years of actual preaching: Love thy neighbor. It is still a moral message.

We could not adopt “Ethos” instead of “Logos” to present Christianity because we do not know enough about historical Jesus. Christianity started to present “Pathos” or emotions which cannot be sustained. Since we have not returned to Jesus’ original message, we have continued to splinter in the last 1,000 years. The next major schism was the emergence of Protestants about 500 years ago when Martin Luther and others challenged Catholicism. That will be the topic of Christianity #3.

Similar essays on Islam will be posted after Christianity, followed by Indians and Chinese civilizations. After we look at Christianity, Islam, Indians and Chinese, we will have addressed over 90% of the 7+ billion humans, and begin to address how Moral Innovations can facilitate a peaceful, homologous world. It will not be Utopia, but we can still thrive with knowledge of your places in the world, so we can do the right things and make it better.

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Innovators World

Moral Innovator perspectives on Christianity #1

On this the 15th anniversary of 9/11 attack, let’s take a deep breath and reflect upon what happened.

Christianity includes Orthodox, Catholic and various sects of Protestants.  There were three Christian breakthroughs from a Moral Innovator perspective:

  1. The formation that started 2,000 years ago
  2. The split between Orthodox and Catholics 1,000 years ago
  3. The split between Catholics and Protestants 500 years ago

Let’s only focus on the formation or the first breakthrough here.  There will be future discussions on #2 and #3 which will address the divergence of moral values within Christianity.  Unless we know the key differences of moral values that drove the schisms, we will not understand Christianity which is followed by a minority of humans (~35% of 7+ billion humans).  After we get to know Christianity, we can compare the moral values of Muslims who follow Islamic values; Indians who follow primarily but not exclusively henotheists (which is different than polytheists) values; and Chinese who follow primarily but not exclusively atheist values.  Over 90% of humanity today is represented by Christians, Muslims, Indians and Chinese.  Once we appreciate their moral values, we can begin to address how we can develop a more peaceful homologous world together.  In this globalized world we live today, we cannot effectively address global peace and harmony if we only have Christian values.

To address the formation of Christianity 2,000 years ago, let’s look back more than 2,000 years ago in the western part of Middle East and Europe (primarily Turkey, Greece and Rome).  Please remember this geography does not represent the world, as there were the eastern part of Middle East (including Sumer) and all of Asia, Africa, Americas, etc.  The expansion of the Christian world beyond western part of Middle East and Europe happened primarily within the last 500 years, which will be addressed in the third breakthrough between Catholics and Protestants.  Search for Moral Innovators perspectives on Christianity #3 which has not yet available in September 2016.

For a lot more than 2,000 years,we have been curious about what happens before our birth and after we die.  Sumerians have stories like the arrival of Annunaki people from the Nibiru planet 400,000 years ago, and Egyptians left different versions of “Book of the Dead” which correlated to the times of mummification. A lot more can be introduced through the Chinese invisible “Qi” that occupies the universe and the myth of Pangu descended from heaven, or the Indian concept of “Karma” and reincarnation.  The existence of “Qi” may have been proven through the recent discovery of “Dark Matters” that occupy an estimated 27% of energy and matter in our universe.

Focusing on the formation of Christianity 2,000 years ago, there were two communities of humans whose values focused on the spirit or soul outside the body.  These were the Therapeutae people living mostly in Alexandria, Egypt, and Essenes people living mostly in Palestine.  We know the Essenes much better today as the community that gave us the Dead Sea Scrolls we are studying today.  These communities believed in their own spirits which thrived in a polytheistic world they lived at that time.

There are at least three modes of persuasion to prove the existence of an unknown spirit or soul.

  1. Ethos rely on credibility and reputation (which is far more difficult to apply to a new concept),
  2. Pathos rely on emotions (which defies reasoning and not sustainable over time), and
  3. Logos rely on logical deduction (which was popular with the likes of Socrates and Plato).

Clearly, the Greek influence supported the logos approach which had to be based on mythology.  For example, the mythological King Minos, whose civilization in Crete paralleled that of Egypt, was believed to be a son of Greek God named Zeus (whose womanizing behavior and the number of children he sired parallel that of a cult leader today), took the Zeus tribute to a higher level when seven boys and seven girls from Athens were thrown as food to feed King Minos’ pet Minotaur, a terrible monster, that lived in a labyrinth.  One of the boys from Athens was a prince named Theseus who, supported by the daughter of King Minos named Ariadne, managed to kill the Minotaur and saved future Athenian children.

This is an illustrative example of righteousness overcoming tyranny when humans interpret what is the proper tribute to this spiritual being (or God) before the time of Jesus, or the beginning of Christianity.

The Bible is the most referenced source document and the foundation of Christianity.  It is estimated that Jesus preached for only three years before he was crucified, and his main message was along the line of “love thy neighbor.”  There are four gospels in the New Testament, but only one (Book of John) mentioned the Lazarus miracle where Jesus raised a human named Lazarus of Bethany from the dead, four days after his death.  It is shocking that the bedrock of Christianity is based on how Jesus came back from the dead to live for 40 days, yet three of the four gospels failed to mention the Lazarus miracle.  Bart Ehrman also published multiple books about how Christians made Jesus a God through the trinity (also known as consubstantial or homoousios) after his death through interpretations of the Bible.

To make Jesus who he is today, all the spirits and souls of mankind must be concentrated to Jesus alone.  Communities like Essenes and the later and larger group of people named Gnostics had to be declared heretics in order for the Logos mode of persuasion to work.  That is what happened, and followers like Paul took Christianity away from the location of only Jerusalem to establish churches as places of worship outside Jerusalem.  Augustine reinforced the need to go to church by strengthening the belief in The Original Sin that requires prospective believers to go to a nearby church and cleanse their souls.

After 2,000 years of Christianity, we are still following this Logos that force us to take extreme positions, like only Christians can get to heaven, and non-Christians go to hell.  Christians are asked to believe the Bible cannot contain errors, and the Catholic Pope is infallible.  We must change our mentality from this perception of perfection towards a Moral Innovators’ view of continuous improvement.  Otherwise, Bible’s armageddon is a self-fulfilled prophecy.

Stay tuned for how Christianity faced major schisms 1,000 years and 500 years ago.

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Introduction, Overview, Uncategorized

Moral Innovator perspectives on heaven and hell

The root cause of what we observe in the form of increasing violence can be associated with the message from both Muslims and Christians regarding heaven and hell.  It is far more important to focus on our moral living on earth then imagining what happens after we die.

Whether we start millions of years ago as hominids or hundreds of thousands of years ago as modern humans, the concept of heaven or hell is relatively new.  The four ancient civilizations five thousand years ago focused on elaborate burials.  The Chinese and the Indians both focused on living moral lives (Confucius was quoted as saying we don’t know enough about our living so don’t worry about what happens after we die.  Karma is an Indian concept of accumulating moral brownie points while living in order to be reincarnated into a “better” life until we reach perfection.)  Egyptians spent a lot of time dreaming about eternal life and was among the first to document their beliefs in “The Book of the Dead” but they focused more on mummification and elaborate burials.

Iranian prophet Zoroaster (generally believed to have lived between 3,000-4,000 years ago) introduced the concept of a soul walking across a bridge 3-4 days after death.  If a soul can cross this bridge, eternal heaven is waiting.  Eternal hell awaits a soul that falls off this bridge.  Abrahamic religions (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) started out in a quiet Sheol during the equivalent of purgatory prior to judgment day.  It was probably too boring to have such an uneventful place called Sheol so Abrahamic religions became more and more descriptive of heaven and hell.

Today, Christians and Muslims preach paths to a glamourous heaven reserved only for believers or despicable hell for non-believers.  The most memorable line from the movie “The Vertical Limit” was the script that explicitly said all of humanity would go to hell under these conditions.  Not only would all Chinese and Indians be condemned to hell because they are neither Christians nor Muslims, all Christians are condemned to hell by Muslims, and all Muslims are condemned to hell by Christians.

The Moral Innovator motto is:  Thrive with knowledge of your places in the world.  Do the right things and make it better.  Please follow The Golden Rule and focus on your morally innovative behavior during your lifetimes.  You will get what you deserve when you die.  Heaven does not take reservations.

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diversity, Introduction, Opportunity, Overview, Uncategorized

Moral Innovator proposal for changing the world – one child at a time

We are clearly seeing increasing violence both domestically within the USA and worldwide these days. While the call for peace and calm can help get these incidents out of the immediate news headlines, we need a sustainable morally innovative solution that can take several generations if adults elect to work together, or several centuries if we collectively focus on educating our children.

Today, about one third of humanity follows the Christian faith.  This trend started over 500 years ago when the corrupt Spanish Pope Alexander VI declared that Spain and Portugal owned the world outside Europe in the Tordesillas Treaty.  The first ones to contest this declaration were other European Christians who innovatively created the corrupt State-sponsored Dutch East India Company and the even more corrupt British East India Company to gather resources needed to industrialize the world.  We know, for example, it was the British government who gave monopoly power to the British East India Company that produced opium in India and sold the illicit drugs into China (and almost bankrupted the Chinese economy).  The immoral Japanese military also helped take over 70,000 tons of silver out of China through illegal distribution of opium.

Another 20% of humanity today follows the Muslim faith, and Islam is the world’s fastest growing faith.  Since the first OPEC price increase in 1973, our newly industrialized world developed an insatiable appetite for fossil fuel, and an average US$2 trillion dollars per year have been transferred to Muslims each year.  Each time we fill up our car with fuel, or turn on the air conditioner anywhere in the world, we contribute to the demand for fossil fuel and eventually maintain or sustain the status quo that transfers wealth to the Muslims.  Another impact is global climate change which is a by-product of our industrialization and exasperates the fact that we are 20,000 years into the 100,000 year Milankovitch cycle of global warming today.

On a global scale, our most severe conflict has been driven by the Christians’ and Muslims’ efforts to convert all humans.  Unless we create a way that allow humans to believe in both Christianity and Islam, there is no way humanity can have peace when two significant faiths strive to convert the entire humanity into one faith.  Within this framework, the declaration of independence by Israel in 1948 was like introducing a spark in a fuel tank.  While the role (and population) of Israel has been similar to Hong Kong for the British Protestant Christians during the opium war, USA has added plenty of oxygen to the spark in a fuel tank when President George W. Bush decided to invade Iraq that spread the conflict between Christians and Muslims like forest fires.

Now is not the time to double down on our faith without reason.  We need to let our children thrive with knowledge of their places in the world in order to make the right decisions and make the world better.  Let us not baptize our infant children nor declare heaven belongs exclusively to any one faith,  claimed by both Christians and Muslims.  There is an alternative sustainable path to peace.

What is that alternative path?  We start with a very difficult challenge to understand and morally develop the age-appropriate motivations of our children.  In order to invoke the motivation hierarchy introduced by Abraham Maslow last century in a measurable way, let us try to map humanity into Maslow’s hierarchical layers of needs measured by wealth of humans.  We know that money cannot buy happiness, so these numbers should be modified by non-financial parameters:

  1. Two billion (~30%) humans on earth living below poverty. The number one focus for these two billion humans is to secure food for survival.  This is Maslow’s physiological layer.
  2. Five billion (~70%) humans seek safety through employment, police/fire protection, access to health care, investments, among other things. This is Maslow’s safety layer.
  3. Twelve million (~0.1%) millionaires living on earth seek friendship and family, among other things. This is Maslow’s love/belonging layer.
  4. 2,000 billionaires seek respect, confidence and achievements, among other things. This is Maslow’s esteem layer.  Donald Trump wants the US Presidency to try to excel in this layer.
  5. Essentially no one is free of prejudice and take actions based on facts, possibly except the Gates Foundation supported by Warren Buffet. This is Maslow’s self-actualization layer.

These layers cut across all humanity (including Christians and Muslims) and exist everywhere on earth, including the USA, the largest economy on earth.  Trying to separate African Americans and Caucasian Americans will not work.  It is not a matter of “Black Lives Matter Too” versus “All Lives Matter.”  We need hope and opportunities that differ among humans living in different layers of Maslow’s hierarchy.

No line can be drawn for humans living in different layers of Maslow’s hierarchy.  However, we can provide opportunities for our children living in different layers of Maslow’s hierarchy to seek their aspirations through education.  As long as our children learn the universally accepted Golden Rule (do unto others what you want others to do unto you) and believe there is hope to achieve their aspirations, we gain trust to respect our second amendment rights to bear arms, while reducing violence between police and citizens.  By adding moral innovations to the education curriculum, indiscriminate shootings in school will decline when our children and adults have the Golden Rule in mind.

Changes should be visible when we add the Moral Innovations framework into our education curriculum, including the Golden Rule.  Please encourage our children to do the right things as they thrive with knowledge of their places in the world.

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Introduction, Overview

Moral Innovators’ knowledge and Christianity

Moral Innovators seek knowledge of our place in the world, so that we can do the right things and make the world a better place. One guide for doing the right things is The Golden Rule: Do unto others what you want others to do unto you. Make the world a better place requires innovations or continuous improvements, depending on our heart, skills and capabilities.

Seeking knowledge starts with our beliefs that we should try to confirm with facts or truths. There must be many more beliefs than knowledge because facts, or truths, remove only false beliefs, and cannot remove all beliefs. Truths or facts confirm beliefs, almost never create beliefs. We can deduce the earth rotates around the sun, contrary to the previous belief that the sun rotated around the earth, but that is a correction of belief, not a creation of belief.

Professor Bart Ehrman has many beliefs and lots of facts or truths. We can try to convert his facts on Christianity into knowledge by focusing on which beliefs can be confirmed and become knowledge. He started as a devoted Christian who spent most of his young life reading the Bible in multiple languages, seeking to find and understand the “original” version. The more he read, the less he himself became convinced of the Christianity faith, and became an agnostic in the 21st century. This is a breakdown of his claims to facts or truths that can be broken down into truths that can increase our knowledge of Christianity.

  1. Christianity claims that Jesus was, and is, God. However, this is not what the original disciples believed during Jesus’s lifetime, and it is not what Jesus claimed about himself.
  2. None of the original Bible documents of (either Old or New Testament) exist. The earliest text of the Bible had been copied many times, not a credible representation of the “original” version.
  3. His books highlight inconsistencies among existing Bible versions, specifically on the resurrection of Jesus, the timing of the death of Jesus, and when Jesus was declared “God” cannot be reconciled, unless the inconsistencies are ignored and remain “beliefs,” not knowledge.
  4. For 3.5 years Jesus preached an apocalyptic message of “love thy neighbor.” There are others like Jesus around his time, specifically Apollonius who was also resurrected and performed miracles as a contemporary of Jesus 2000 years ago.

Others, like FE Peters and Hans Kung, have also added inconsistencies:

  1. Who created God? Can God come out of nothing?
  2. Hans Kung, a Catholic clergy, claims that Frankish (i.e. French) clergy changed documents ~1,000 years ago within the Church to strengthen Pope’s power who ultimately became “Infallible.”
  3. FE Peters presented that The Jewish “midrash,” Christian “allegory,” and Muslim “kalam” all reflect attempts to interpret scripture into moral principles for believers. Specifically, Hellenistic philosophies were adsorbed onto all Abrahamic religions.
  4. The Black Sea deluge hypothesis between 2,600-2,800 years ago may explain the references to “the big flood” among Epic of Gilgamesh which predates the Bible, which predates the Quran.
  5. There is no archaeological evidence to support the Bible’s Exodus.

Faith, by definition, means we choose our personal relationship with God based on beliefs, not knowledge. Instead of battling at the belief level, we should respect the beliefs of others, while focus on productive dialogue for harmony within the realm of knowledge, not beliefs, by following The Golden Rule.

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